Dimmons Sharing Economy criteria

 

The framework developed by Dimmons* so al to figure out collaborative economy platforms is based on a multidisciplinary analysis and state of the art of the collaborative economy from an economical, technological, environmental, gender and inclusion, legal and policy perspectives, and an empirical analysis of most prominent cases of collaborative economy, as well as the case of Barcelona commons collaborative economy ecosystem. The applicability of the commons balance has been tested with 100 cases of collaborative economy at Barcelona.

The collaborative economy qualities developed by Dimmons are articulate around 6 dimensions:

Governance: Regarding democratic enterprises and involving the community generated the value in the platform governance. Regarding decision-making model of the organization; mechanisms and political rules of the digital platform participation.

Economic model: Regarding whether the project financing model is based on a private capital, an ethical finance, or a distributed found (crowdfunding or match-funding); the business models; mechanisms of economical transparency; how far the profitability is driven the whole plan; distribution of value generated; and equity payment and labour rights. To ensure equitable and timely remuneration, and access to benefits and rights for workers (maximization of income, salary predictability, safe income, protection against arbitrary actions, rejection of excessive vigilance at the workplace, and the right to disconnect).

Knowledge policy: Regarding the type property as established by the license used (free licenses or proprietary licenses) of the content and knowledge generated; type of data (open or not), the ability to download data (and which formats), and the promotion of the transparency of algorithms, programs and data. Privacy awareness and the protection property from personal data and prevent abuse, as well as the collection or share of data without consent. Guarantee the portability of data and reputation.

Technological policy: Regarding the mode of property and freedom associated with type of software used and its license (free or proprietary) and the model of technology architecture: distributed (using blockchain, for example) or centralized (software as a service).

Social responsibility regarding externality impacts: These dimensions related to any source of awareness and responsibility regarding the externalities and negative impact such as social exclusion, and social inequalities, regarding the equal access of people with all kinds of income and baggage in an equitable and impartial way (without discrimination) to gain access to the platform; the inclusion of gender, compliance with health standards and safety standards that protect the public; and the environmental impact2 , and the impact in the policy arena, and the preservation of the right to the city of its inhabitants and the common good of the city; the protection of the general interest, public space, and basic human rights, such as access to housing.

* Regarding to its participation in the DECODE project(funded by the Horizon 2020 Program of the European Union, grant number 732546)